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    The Apache Tomcat Servlet/JSP Container

      Apache Tomcat 7

      Version 7.0.47, Oct 18 2013
      Apache Logo


      Top Level Elements




      Nested Components

      Cluster Elements


      The Channel Interceptor object

      Table of Contents

      Apache Tribes supports an interceptor architecture to intercept both messages and membership notifications. This architecture allows decoupling of logic and opens the way for some very kewl feature add ons.

      Available Interceptors

      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpFailureDetector
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.ThroughputInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatch15Interceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatchInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.NonBlockingCoordinator
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.OrderInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.SimpleCoordinator
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.StaticMembershipInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TwoPhaseCommitInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.DomainFilterInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.FragmentationInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.GzipInterceptor
      • org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpPingInterceptor

      Static Membership

      In addition to dynamic discovery, Apache Tribes also supports static membership, with membership verification. To achieve this add the org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.StaticMembershipInterceptor underneath the org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpFailureDetector interceptor. Inside the StaticMembershipInterceptor you can add the static members you wish to have. The TcpFailureDetector will do a health check on the static members,and also monitor them for crashes so they will have the same level of notification mechanism as the members that are automatically discovered.

           <Interceptor className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.StaticMembershipInterceptor">
             <Member className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.StaticMember"

      Common Attributes
      className Required, as there is no default
      optionFlag If you want the interceptor to trigger on certain message depending on the message's option flag, you can setup the interceptors flag here. The default value is 0, meaning this interceptor will trigger on all messages.
      org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.DomainFilterInterceptor Attributes
      domain The logical cluster domain that this Interceptor accepts. Two different type of values are possible:
      1. Regular string values like "staging-domain" or "tomcat-cluster" will be converted into bytes using ISO-8859-1 encoding.
      2. byte array in string form, for example {216,123,12,3}
      org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatch15Interceptor Attributes
      className Required, This dispatcher uses JDK 1.5 java.util.concurrent package
      optionFlag The default and hard coded value is 8 (org.apache.catalina.tribes.Channel.SEND_OPTIONS_ASYNCHRONOUS). The dispatcher will trigger on this value only, as it is predefined by Tribes. The other attributes are inherited from its base class org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatchInterceptor.
      maxThreads The maximum number of threads in this pool, default is 10.
      maxSpareThreads The number of threads to keep in the pool, default is 2.
      keepAliveTime Maximum number of milliseconds of until Idle thread terminates. Default value is 5000(5 seconds).
      org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.MessageDispatchInterceptor Attributes
      className Required, Same implementation as MessageDispatch15Interceptor, but with JDK 1.4 compliance.
      optionFlag The default and hard coded value is 8 (org.apache.catalina.tribes.Channel.SEND_OPTIONS_ASYNCHRONOUS). The dispatcher will trigger on this value only, as it is predefined by Tribes.
      alwaysSend What behavior should be executed when the dispatch queue is full. If true (default), then the message is is sent synchronously, if false an error is thrown.
      maxQueueSize Size in bytes of the dispatch queue, the default value is 1024*1024*64 (64MB) sets the maximum queue size for the dispatch queue if the queue fills up, one can trigger the behavior, if alwaysSend is set to true, the message will be sent synchronously if the flag is false, an error is thrown
      org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpFailureDetector Attributes
      connectTimeout Specifies the timeout, in milliseconds, to use when attempting a TCP connection to the suspect node. Default is 1000.
      performSendTest If true is set, send a test message to the suspect node. Default is true.
      performReadTest If true is set, read the response of the test message that sent. Default is false. Note: if performSendTest is false, this attribute will have no effect.
      readTestTimeout Specifies the timeout, in milliseconds, to use when performing a read test to the suspicious node. Default is 5000.
      removeSuspectsTimeout The maximum time(in seconds) for remove from removeSuspects. Member of removeSuspects will be automatically removed after removeSuspectsTimeout. If a negative value specified, the removeSuspects members never be removed until disappeared really. If the attribute is not provided, a default of 300 milliseconds (5 minutes) is used.
      org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.TcpPingInterceptor Attributes
      interval If useThread == true, defines the interval of sending a ping message. default is 1000 ms.
      useThread Flag of whether to start a thread for sending a ping message. If set to true, this interceptor will start a local thread for sending a ping message. if set to false, channel heartbeat will send a ping message. default is false.
      org.apache.catalina.tribes.group.interceptors.ThroughputInterceptor Attributes
      interval Defines the interval in number of messages when we are to report the throughput statistics. The report is logged to the org.apache.juli.logging.LogFactory.getLog(ThroughputInterceptor.class) logger under the INFO level. Default value is to report every 10000 messages.
      Nested element StaticMember Attributes
      className Only one implementation available:org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.StaticMember
      port The port that this static member listens to for cluster messages
      securePort The secure port this static member listens to for encrypted cluster messages default value is -1, this value means the member is not listening on a secure port
      host The host (or network interface) that this static member listens for cluster messages. Three different type of values are possible:
      1. IP address in the form of ""
      2. Hostnames like "tomcat01.mydomain.com" or "tomcat01" as long as they resolve correctly
      3. byte array in string form, for example {216,123,12,3}
      domain The logical cluster domain for this this static member listens for cluster messages. Two different type of values are possible:
      1. Regular string values like "staging-domain" or "tomcat-cluster" will be converted into bytes using ISO-8859-1 encoding. 2. byte array in string form, for example {216,123,12,3}
      uniqueId A universally uniqueId for this static member. The values must be 16 bytes in the following form:
      1. byte array in string form, for example {0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15}

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